Egoism has for years, been rendered a pointless and closed theory by many. Some argue, that it’s affinities are so broad; that it is rendered useless. The inability to attain answers, that are far beyond our reach or comprehension, has driven people to dismiss the idea behind Egoism. Furthermore, our own subconscious ego tells us that we cannot simply be categorized or labeled as a selfish and self-centered human being.
Dismissing an ideology based on ignorance or empirical observation, would render many other philosophies useless and invalid. Furthermore, Egoism moves beyond the mere label of selfishness. Many, are under the impression that Egoism is essentially avarice. Understanding that acts of self-interest allow us to develop our higher self and promote our self-interest; is the first step in understanding Egoism. Moreover, parting from the concept that what is in our self-interest is not necessarily ethical; is an essential distinction that must be kept in mind.
In a world and life where the unknown prevails, it would be idiotic to dismiss a theory based on our denial or inability to comprehend it. Furthermore, on our inability to face our egotistic reality, by dismissing it. Generally speaking, we tend to think dually and simultaneously about ourselves and others. However, if we had to pinpoint which came first, the most likely response would be “myself”. Additionally, it is in the best interest of all human beings, to love thy-selves more; thus acting in self-interest. Having our best interests at heart, can only happen, provided that we act in our self-interest. Positive consequences towards others, that come about as a result of one’s self-interest, are only attainable when we put ourselves first. Keeping the above in mind, it is important to note that in the same way, one’s egoistic choices, can be detrimental to others.
According to Sigmund Freud, “The ego is ‘that part of the id which has been modified by the direct influence of the external world.” Similar to Freud’s view on Ego (i.e., I), Intentional Egoism, comes as a result of external factors and influences. It is a state of being or knowledge, that usually comes from believing new information or from accepting opinions that at some point or another may seem plausible. It merely comes from the combination of the gratification of an illusive desire and the consideration of norms, rules, social trends, and etiquette.
Freud’s views on the psych structure, claimed that the human psyche (personality) has more than one aspect. Freud saw the psyche structured into three parts (i.e. tripartite), the id, ego and superego, all developing at different stages in our lives.
Similar to Freud’s views, Egoism is affected by different manifestations of ourselves, in different ways. Rather than developing aspects of our personalities however, Egoism is affected by different different states of being. Primitive (i.e., reflex), Conscious (i.e., intentional), Subconscious (i.e., unintentional), Etheric, Astral, Divine. All of which make a relative contribution to an individual’s egoistic nature and interact together to form a whole.
Furthermore, Egoism from the primitive perspective, is present through out a person’s life, and generally comes as a result of personal desires. While desires and pleasure for part of ourselves, they do not on their own meet the realization of one’s own true and higher self. In other words, there is a difference between seeing and feeling something; than to entering into the state of the thing itself.
When desire becomes the sole determinant of our actions, it lacks internal growth and transformation thus causing us to act from an unconscious reflex. Similar to Freud’s pleasure principal, “every wishful impulse should be satisfied immediately, regardless of the consequences”. Sigmund Freud. Egoism from a primitive perspective, functions in a way in which every wishful impulse should be satisfied immediately. Furthermore, this primitive state, engages in illogical, fantasy and irrational oriented processes. While this makes the process a selfish one, those who find themselves in the primitive state (sudden desire or wishful impulse) are acting out of self-interest. Because primitive behavior is impulsive, happens multiple times through out life, and is in the nature of all of us; it is imperative to conclude that we are all egoistic beings.
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